Theme 1: Greenhouse gases and the oceans
Theme 1 focuses on physical and biogeochemical processes in the surface ocean that play an important role in controlling the ocean-atmosphere greenhouse gas fluxes, which is critical for the mitigation of climate change.
Theme 2: Air-sea interface and fluxes of mass and energy
Theme 2 focuses on ocean-atmosphere fluxes and their critical role for climate regulation, as well as on physical, chemical, and biological processes affecting exchange of gases, mass, and energy across the air-sea interface.
Theme 3: Atmospheric deposition and ocean biogeochemistry
Theme 3 focuses on the relationships between natural and anthropogenic atmospheric inputs, the marine carbon cycle, and feedbacks to climate. Atmospheric deposition is an important nutrient source for marine ecosystems.
Theme 4: Interconnections between marine ecosystems, aerosols, clouds
Theme 4 focuses on the interconnections between marine ecosystems, aerosols, and clouds, with the overall goal of reducing the related climate uncertainties. Clouds are a key component of the Earth’s water cycle.
Theme 5: Ocean biogeochemical control on atmospheric chemistry
Theme 5 focuses on the role of marine biogeochemical controls on the release and atmospheric chemistry of reactive and climate active gases, and how that will evolve in the changing ocean and atmosphere.
Integrated Studies of High Sensitivity Systems
In the complex, non-linear system of the surface ocean and lower atmosphere, the five SOLAS core themes interact and influence each other. Understanding the processes involved and making predictions will not be possible by studying these themes independently.
A multi-disciplinary focus on the interface between the ocean and atmosphere places SOLAS in an ideal position to provide fundamental knowledge that will inform assessment of the two primary forms of climate intervention.
Science and Society
SOLAS has recognised that greater efforts are needed to increase interaction between natural scientists and social scientists – especially in the light of anthropogenic influence on the ocean-atmosphere system.