Dominant processes controlling air-sea fluxes of mass and energy in the open ocean.
Programs investigating the air-sea interface and ocean fluxes include the “Atlantic Merid-ional Transect Ocean Flux from Satellite Campaign” (AMT4oceanSatFlux), the project on “Role of Eddies in the Carbon Pump of Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems” (REEBUS). The “Global Ocean Ship-based Hydrographic Investigations” (GO-SHIP) program investigates surface meteorology and near surface oceanographic measure-ments. The observational program Integrated Carbon Observational System (ICOS) includes flux monitoring over some European waters. Information on planned observation-al programs and workshops can be found via the respective program websites:
Current national and international programs investigating processes at the air-sea inter-face include amongst many: the Sea Surface Microlayer at Night (MILAN), ProcEss studies at the Air-sEa Interface after dust deposition in the MEditerranean sea (PEACETIME), and Integrated carboN and TracE Gas monitoRing for the bALtic sea (INTEGRAL). More details on their websites:
New joint international projects focusing on the Theme 2 science questions to be initiated and encouraged include:
- A SOLAS Time Series Station at the Cape Verde Observatory.
- A proposed SCOR working group to set up benchmark measurements for model validations, gathering modellers and observationalists to define relevant parameters and identify existing and new data sets.
- The 8th International Symposium on Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, May 2021, Plymouth, UK
- Sessions at major international meetings (i.e., AGU, EGU)
- Activities at the SOLAS Summer Schools introducing surface flux methods
- Coordinated publication efforts (e.g., Research TOPIC in Frontiers)
- Workshop focusing on marine-specific issues of Eddy-covariance measurements